Anticipating the Economic and Social Impacts of Artificial Intelligence

For a few years now, artificial intelligence has become a subject of debate far beyond the field of digital technology alone, doubtless because there is a sense of the whole scope of its economic and social consequences. Indeed, the laboratory technology has undergone a qualitative leap – with machine learning in particular – that has allowed it to be incorporated in several processes that until recently still required human intervention. Translation, voice recognition, and classifying images and videos are some of the first areas of experimentation and progress. Others will follow, although the technology is fallible and progress remains uncertain. For now, these new feats have given rise to contradictory reactions. They have led to the specter of job losses. To what extent can machines replace human beings? And can rising automation be synonymous with increased well-being for the general population and for workers? Does it promise increased business productivity and a resurgence in economic growth, which has stagnated for several years? There are many questions based on both worries and on the other hand optimism, hence the usefulness of starting without delay to lay the groundwork for a national medium- and long-term strategy. France has to ensure it catches…

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