Artificial Intelligence and National Security

Executive Summary Researchers in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have demonstrated significant technical progress over the past five years, much faster than was previously anticipated. Most of this progress is due to advances in the AI sub-field of machine learning. Most experts believe this rapid progress will continue and even accelerate.  Most AI research advances are occurring in the private sector and academia. Private sector funding for AI dwarfs that of the United States Government.  Existing capabilities in AI have significant potential for national security. For example, existing machine learning technology could enable high degrees of automation in labor-intensive activities such as satellite imagery analysis and cyber defense. Future progress in AI has the potential to be a transformative national security technology, on a par with nuclear weapons, aircraft, computers, and biotech. Each of these technologies led to significant changes in the strategy, organization, priorities, and allocated resources of the U.S. national security community. We argue future progress in AI will be at least equally impactful. Advances in AI will affect national security by driving change in three areas:military superiority, information superiority, and economic superiority. For military superiority, progress in AI will both enable new capabilities and make existing…

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